Optical triple sensor for measuring pH, oxygen and carbon dioxide.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


J Biotechnol, Volume 32, Issue 2, p.127-38 (1994)


Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Oxygen


<p>A triple sensor unit consisting of opto-chemical sensors for measurement of pH, oxygen and carbon dioxide in bioreactors is presented. The pH and the CO2 sensor are based on the color change of a pH-sensitive dye immobilized on a polymeric support. The resulting changes in absorption are monitored through optical fibers. The oxygen sensor is based on the quenching of the fluorescence of a metal-organic dye. All three sensors are fully LED compatible. The sensitive membranes consist of plastic films and can be stored and replaced conveniently. The sensors are sterilizable with hydrogen peroxide and ethanol. In addition, the pH sensor is steam sterilizable. Accuracy, resolution and reproducibility fulfill the requirements for use in biotechnological applications. Calibration procedures for each sensor are presented. The working principle and the performance of all three sensors are described, with particular emphasis given to their application in bioreactors.</p>