United States Patent: 5716852 - Microfabricated diffusion-based chemical sensor

Publication Type:



Number 5716852 (1998)




A channel-cell system is provided for detecting the presence and/or measuring the presence of analyte particles in a sample stream comprising: a) a laminar flow channel; b) two inlet means in fluid connection with said laminar flow channel for respectively conducting into said laminar flow channel (1) an indicator stream which may comprise an indicator substance which indicates the presence of said analyte particles by a detectable change in property when contacted with said analyte particles, and (2) said sample stream; c) wherein said laminar flow channel has a depth sufficiently small to allow laminar flow of said streams and a length sufficient to allow particles of said analyte to diffuse into said indicator stream to the substantial exclusion of said larger particles in said sample stream to form a detection area; and d) outlet means for conducting said streams out of said laminar flow channel to form a single mixed stream.